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最全专八英语备考改错常考点           ★★★ 【字体:
最全专八英语备考改错常考点 
作者:专八英语    文章来源:整理    点击数:    更新时间:2017/3/15

最全专八英语备考改错常考点


本周末就要迎来专八考试了,改错题中常见的6种错误类型,你都能看得出来吗?改错不仅需要火眼金睛,还需要耐心和细心。
当然,还要熟练掌握这些固定搭配才能十拿九稳!


【1】固定搭配(箭头右边表示正确的搭配)

1. in return to → in return for 报答

2. substitute A with B → substitute A for B 用A代替B

3. account 20% → account for 20% 占据…比例

4. attitude on life → attitude towards/to life 对生活的态度

5. in a quick speed → at a quick speed 高速

6. with many respects → in many respects 在许多方面

7. considerations to… → considerations for… 考虑

8. become victims of … → become victims to … 成为牺牲品

9. the problems with the government → the problems for the government 政府的难题

10. resistance of → resistance to 抵抗

11. embark sth. → embark on sth. 着手做某事

12. at advance of sth. → in advance of sth. 提前,在…之前

13. interpret… to → interpret… as 把…解释为…

14. take pride of → take pride in 骄傲

15. leap out to… → leap out at… 扑过来

16. inject them lethal strains → inject them withlethalstrains 注射

17. charge him with the same price → charge himwiththe same price 收费

18. imbalance of A and B → imbalance between A and B A与B间的不平衡

19. fortify sb. for sth. → fortify sb. against sth. 加强…以抵御…

20. cast/ throw/ shed light to sth. → cast/throw/ shed light on sth. 给…提供线索

21. in proportion with → in proportion to 与…成比例

22. pay for it with dollars → pay for it in dollars 用美元支付

23. be in liberty to → be at liberty to 不受限制或支配

24. be contrasted to → be contrasted with 形成反差,对立

25. commit an offence to → commit an offence against 犯罪行为

26. ability of (doing) sth. → ability in (doing) sth. 做某事的能力

27. defend sth. against → defend sth. from 保护不受伤害

28. at the first place → in the first place 首先

29. take to do → take to doing 求助于,开始

30. yearn to → yearn for 渴望

31. at average → on average 平均

32. identify oneself to → identify oneself with 参加到…中

33. be successful on doing → be successful at/in doing 成功做某事

34. get one’s teeth on → get one’s teeth into 埋头做,认真做

35. approach to do … → approach to doing … 做某事的方法

36. succeed doing sth. → succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事

37. demand of luxury goods → demand for luxury goods 对奢侈品的需求

38. differ A from B → distinguish A from B 把A和B区分开

【2】形近异义词的区分

1. adapt v. 适合,改写 – adopt v. 采纳;收养

2. confirm v. 批准,确认 – conform v. 准守

3. former adj. 前者的 – formal adj. 正式的

4. diary n. 日记 – dairy n. 牛奶场

5. personal adj.私人的 – personnel n.人员

6. beside prep. 在…旁边 – besides adv. 除了

7. principal adj. 主要的 – principle n. 原则

8. conscious n. 意识 – conscientious adj. 认真负责的,良心的

9. stationary adj.固定的,不动的 – stationery n. 文具,办公用品

10. considerate adj. 体贴的 – considerable adj. 大量的

11. affect v. 影响 – effect n. 影响

12. contact v. 联系 – contract v. 收缩

13. moral adj. 道德的 – morale n. 士气

14. industrious adj. 勤奋的 – industrial adj. 工业的

15. desert n. 沙漠;v. 抛弃 – dessert n. 甜品

16. require v. 要求 – acquire v. 获得,习得 – inquire v.咨询

17. presence n. 出现,出席 – presentation n. 展示

18. transformation n. 改变 – transmission n. 传播

19. value n. 价值 – evaluate v. 评估,测评

20. tense n. 时态;adj. 紧的 – tension n. 紧张

21. cooker n. 厨具 – cook n. 厨师

22. complexity n. 复杂性– complex n. 合成体

23. insurance n. 保险 – assurance n. 担保

24. provide v. 提供 – provided/providing 如果

25. perceive v. 理解 – conceive v. 构想,设想

26. effective adj. 有效的 – affective adj. 受…影响的

27. latter adj. 后面的 – later adj. 后来

28. late adj. 迟的,已故的 – latest adj.最晚的,最新的

29. farther adj.距离更远 – further adj.程度更进一步

30. healthy adj.健康的 – healthful adj.有益健康的

31. continual adj.连续的 – continuous adj.持续不断的

32. respectable adj.可敬的; 体面的 – respectful adj.表示尊敬的

33. historic adj.有历史意义的 – historical adj.有关历史的

34. rise vi. 起立;升起;(声音)提高 – raise vt. 举起;种植;唤醒;提出;鼓起

35. producing v. 生产 – productive adj. 产量高的

36. lonely adj.精神上寂寞 – alone adj.单独,一个人

37. across prep. 从中间穿过(介词) – cross v. 穿过(动词)

38. permit n. 通行证 – permission n. 允许

39. memorizing v. 记住 – memorable adj. 值得纪念的

40. normal n.常态,通常标准 – norm n. 规范,行为标准

41. acceptability n. 可接受性 – acceptance n. 接受

42. economical adj. 节俭的 – economic adj. 经济的

43. agent n. 代理人 – agency n. 代理机构

44. reward n. 回馈 – award n. 奖赏

45. special adj. 特殊的 – specific adj. 特定的

【3】逻辑连词:根据上下文逻辑关系,选择正确的逻辑连词

1. therefore – nevertheless/however (大部分therefore都要改为however)

2. and – but

3. but – because

4. moreover – however

5. after – before

6. since – although

7. that – if

8. from now on – from then on

9. all – none

10. if – unless

11. besides – except

12. therefore – because

13. so – because

14. that’s why +结果 – that’s because +原因

【4】冠词:不定冠词、定冠词、零冠词

(1)冠词多余

1. on the either side –> on either side

2. in the Europe –> in Europe

3. in the winter –> in winter (季节前不加冠词)

4. take the issue –> take issue(对…持异议,不同意)

(2)冠词缺漏

1. among most –> among the most

2. one of first –> one of the first

3. atmosphere –>the atmosphere(表示独一无二的事物)

4. between us and rest –> between us and the rest

5. in minority –> in the minority

6. around floor –> around the floor

7. piano –>the piano (乐器前要有定冠词)

8. English language –>the English language

9. at heart of –> at the heart of

10. in long run –> in the long run

【5】形容词副词混用:形容词修饰名词,副词修饰动词、形容词或整个句子

1. be well equipped as –> be as well equipped as

2. heavy industrialized –>heavily-industrialized

3. spread colossal –> spread colossally

4. similar strong –>similarly strong

5. feel hopeless thwarted –> feel hopelessly thwarted

6. comparative high proportion –>comparatively high proportion

7. in the passed 5 years –> in the past 5 years

8. culture embedded attitudes –>culturally embedded attitudes

9. increasing – increasingly

10. simple – simply

11. pure – purely

12. much – many

【6】成分残缺、多余

1. a world which I could get… – a world in which I could get…

2. the idea shows – the idea that shows (先行词在定语从句中作主语,关系代词不可省略)

3. take for granted that – take it for granted that

4. one of the most glaring form – one of the most glaring forms

5. their jobs engage in their interest – their jobs engage their interest (engage单独使用表示“占用(某人时间),吸引(某人注意力)”)

6. complain about sth. – complain sth.

7. work sth. – work out sth.

8. believe in – believe (believe单独使用表示一般的“相信”,believe in表示“信任某人,信仰…”)

9. 20 percents – 20 percent

10. eyes contact – eye contact

11. seven – seventh

12. the process which it function – the process by which it function

13. communication service – communications service (通信服务、通讯服务)

14. average incomes – average income (income为不可数名词)

15. the like of – the likes of (诸如此类的)

16. be referred to XX – be referred to as XX  星沙英语

 

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