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|作者：佚名 文章来源：中国日报 点击数： 更新时间：2017/11/9|
Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era
19th National Congress.
the decisive stage in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and at a critical moment as
socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.
high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, secure a decisive victory in building a moderately
prosperous society in all respects, strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for
a new era, and work tirelessly to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.
Chinese Communists is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. This
original aspiration, this mission, is what inspires Chinese Communists to advance. In our Party, each and every
one of us must always breathe the same breath as the people, share the same future, and stay truly connected to
them. The aspirations of the people to live a better life must always be the focus of our efforts. We must keep
on striving with endless energy toward the great goal of national rejuvenation.
period of strategic opportunity for development; the prospects are bright but the challenges are severe. All
comrades must aim high and look far, be alert to dangers even in times of calm, have the courage to pursue
reform and break new ground, and never become hardened to change or inactive. We will unite the Chinese people
of all ethnic groups and lead them to a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all
respects and in the drive to secure the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era.
development of the Party and the country. Outside China, we have been confronted with sluggish global economic
recovery, frequent outbreaks of regional conflicts and disturbances, and intensifying global issues. At home,
we have encountered profound changes as China has entered a new normal in economic development. We have upheld
the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, risen to challenges, pioneered and
pushed ahead, and made historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.
seven plenary sessions. There, decisions and plans were made on issues of major importance, from reforming the
institutions and transforming the functions of government to deepening reform in all areas, advancing law-based
governance, formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan, and seeing governance over the Party is exercised fully and
with rigor. In the past five years, we have implemented the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged
comprehensive strategy, fulfilled the goals of the 12th Five-Year Plan, and made smooth progress in
implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan. On all fronts new advances have been made for the cause of the Party and
philosophy, adopted the right approach to development, and endeavored to transform the growth model. The result
has been a constant improvement in the quality and effect of development. The economy has maintained a medium-
high growth rate, making China a leader among the major economies. With the gross domestic product rising from
54 trillion to 80 trillion yuan, China has maintained its position as the world’s second largest economy and
contributed more than 30 percent of global economic growth. Supply-side structural reform has made further
headway, bringing a steady improvement in the economic structure. Emerging industries like the digital economy
are thriving; the construction of high-speed railways, highways, bridges, ports, airports, and other types of
infrastructure has picked up pace. Agricultural modernization has steadily advanced, with annual grain
production reaching 600 million metric tons. The level of urbanization has risen by an annual average of 1.2
percentage points, and more than 80 million people who have moved from rural to urban areas have gained
permanent urban residency. Regional development has become more balanced; the Belt and Road Initiative, the
coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt
have all made notable progress. Through devoting great energy to implementing the innovation-driven development
strategy, we have seen much accomplished toward making China a country of innovators, with major advances made
in science and technology, including the successful launch of Tiangong-2 space lab, the commissioning of the
deep-sea manned submersible Jiaolong and of the five-hundred-meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) Tianyan,
the launch of the dark matter probe satellite Wukong and the quantum science satellite Mozi, and the test
flight of the airliner C919. Construction on islands and reefs in the South China Sea has seen steady progress.
The new institutions of the open economy have been steadily improved. China now leads the world in trade,
outbound investment, and foreign exchange reserves.
swiftly but steadily, and worked with resolve to remove institutional barriers in all areas. We have taken
moves across the board, achieved breakthroughs in many areas, and made further progress in reform. We have
pursued reform in a more systematic, holistic, and coordinated way, increasing its coverage and depth. Thanks
to the launch of over 1,500 reform measures, breakthroughs have been made in key areas, and general frameworks
for reform have been established in major fields. The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics has been
further improved, with notable progress made in modernizing China’s system and capacity for governance.
Throughout society, development is full of vitality and is driven by greater creativity.
democracy and advanced law-based governance. We have stepped up institution building across the board to make
integrated advances in Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance;
and we have continuously improved the institutions and mechanisms by which the Party exercises leadership.
Steady progress has been made in enhancing socialist democracy; intraparty democracy has been expanded, and
socialist consultative democracy is flourishing. The patriotic united front has been consolidated and
developed, and new approaches have been adopted for work related to ethnic and religious affairs. Further
progress has been made in ensuring our legislation is sound, law enforcement is strict, the administration of
justice is impartial, and the law is observed by everyone. Our efforts to build a country, government, and
society based on the rule of law have been mutually reinforcing; the system of distinctively Chinese socialist
rule of law has been steadily improved; and public awareness of the rule of law has risen markedly. Good
progress has been made in piloting the reform of the national supervision system, and effective measures have
been taken to reform the system of government administration and the judicial system, and to develop systems to
apply checks and oversight over the exercise of power.
over ideological work and explored new ground in advancing Party related theories. The importance of Marxism as
a guiding ideology is better appreciated. Socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese Dream have
been embraced by our people. Core socialist values and fine traditional Chinese culture are alive in the people
’s hearts. Initiatives to improve public etiquette and ethical standards have proved successful. Public
cultural services have been improved; art and literature are thriving, and cultural programs and industries are
going strong. The development, administration, and functioning of internet services have been enhanced.
Fitness-for-All programs and competitive sports have seen extensive development. Our country’s underlying
values hold greater appeal than ever before, and the wave of positive energy felt throughout society is
building. We, the Chinese people, have greater confidence in our own culture. China’s cultural soft power and
the international influence of Chinese culture have increased significantly. There is greater unity in thinking
both within the Party and throughout society.
a whole raft of initiatives to benefit the people has seen implementation, and the people’s sense of
fulfillment has grown stronger. Decisive progress has been made in the fight against poverty: more than 60
million people have been lifted out of poverty, and the poverty headcount ratio has dropped from 10.2 percent
to less than 4 percent. All-round progress has been made in the development of education, with remarkable
advances made in the central and western regions and in rural areas. Employment has registered steady growth,
with an average of over 13 million urban jobs created each year. Growth of urban and rural personal incomes has
outpaced economic growth, and the middle-income group has been expanding. A social security system covering
both urban and rural residents has taken shape; both public health and medical services have improved markedly.
Solid progress has been made in building government-subsidized housing projects to ensure basic needs are met.
Social governance systems have been improved; law and order has been maintained; and national security has been
ecological conservation. As a result, the entire Party and the whole country have become more purposeful and
active in pursuing green development, and there has been a clear shift away from the tendency to neglect
ecological and environmental protection. Efforts to develop a system for building an ecological civilization
have been accelerated; the system of functional zoning has been steadily improved; and progress has been made
in piloting the national park system. Across-the-board efforts to conserve resources have seen encouraging
progress; the intensity of energy and resource consumption has been significantly reduced. Smooth progress has
been made in major ecological conservation and restoration projects; and forest coverage has been increased.
Ecological and environmental governance has been significantly strengthened, leading to marked improvements in
the environment. Taking a driving seat in international cooperation to respond to climate change, China has
become an important participant, contributor, and torchbearer in the global endeavor for ecological
Chinese Dream and the dream of building a powerful military, we have developed a strategy for the military
under new circumstances, and have made every effort to modernize national defense and the armed forces. We
convened the Gutian military political work meeting to revive and pass on the proud traditions and fine conduct
of our Party and our armed forces, and have seen a strong improvement in the political ecosystem of the people
’s forces. Historic breakthroughs have been made in reforming national defense and the armed forces: a new
military structure has been established with the Central Military Commission exercising overall leadership, the
theater commands responsible for military operations, and the services focusing on developing capabilities.
This represents a revolutionary restructuring of the organization and the services of the people’s armed
forces. We have strengthened military training and war preparedness, and undertaken major missions related to
the protection of maritime rights, countering terrorism, maintaining stability, disaster rescue and relief,
international peacekeeping, escort services in the Gulf of Aden, and humanitarian assistance. We have stepped
up weapons and equipment development, and made major progress in enhancing military preparedness. The people’s
armed forces have taken solid strides on the path of building a powerful military with Chinese characteristics.
implemented the principle of “one country, two systems,” and ensured that the central government exercises
its overall jurisdiction over Hong Kong and Macao as mandated by China’s Constitution and the basic laws of
the two special administrative regions. We have thus boosted exchanges and cooperation between the mainland and
the two regions and maintained prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao. We have upheld the one-China
principle and the 1992 Consensus, promoted the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, strengthened
cross-Straits economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and held a historic meeting between the leaders
of the two sides. We have responded as appropriate to the political developments in Taiwan, resolutely opposed
and deterred separatist elements advocating “Taiwan independence,” and vigorously safeguarded peace and
stability in the Taiwan Straits.
pursuit of major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, thus advancing China’s diplomatic agenda in a
comprehensive, multilevel, multifaceted way and creating a favorable external environment for China’s
development. We have jointly pursued the Belt and Road Initiative, initiated the Asian Infrastructure
Investment Bank, set up the Silk Road Fund, and hosted the First Belt and Road Forum for International
Cooperation, the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting, the G20 2016 Summit in Hangzhou, the BRICS Summit in
Xiamen, and the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia. China
champions the development of a community with a shared future for mankind, and has encouraged the evolution of
the global governance system. With this we have seen a further rise in China’s international influence,
ability to inspire, and power to shape; and China has made great new contributions to global peace and
sweeping efforts to strengthen Party leadership and Party building, and taken strong action to transform lax
and weak governance over the Party. We encourage all Party members to hold the Party Constitution in great
esteem. We urge them to strengthen their consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in
big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment, and to uphold the authority of the
Central Committee and its centralized, unified leadership. We have tightened political discipline and rules to
ensure that political responsibility for governance over the Party is fulfilled at each level of the Party
organization. We have committed to “examining ourselves in the mirror, tidying our attire, taking a bath, and
treating our ailments,” launched activities to see members command and act on the Party’s mass line, and
initiated a campaign for the observance of the Three Stricts and Three Earnests. We have regularized and
institutionalized the requirement for all Party members to have a solid understanding of the Party
Constitution, Party regulations, and related major policy addresses and to meet Party standards. As a result,
the ideals and convictions of all Party members have been strengthened and their sense of Party consciousness
has deepened. We have adopted standards fitting for a new era to assess the caliber of officials, and achieved
a notable improvement in the way officials are selected and appointed. Further advances have been made in the
reform of the institutional framework for Party building, and continuous improvements have been made to the
system of Party regulations. We have given top priority to ensuring compliance with Party discipline, and
tackled the prominent problems that prompt the strongest public reaction and that threaten to erode the very
foundation of the Party’s governance. We adopted the eight-point decision on improving Party and government
conduct, have taken tough action against the practice of formalities for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism,
hedonism, and extravagance, and have staunchly opposed privilege seeking. Disciplinary inspections have cut
like a blade through corruption and misconduct; they have covered every Party committee in all departments at
the central and provincial levels. No place has been out of bounds, no ground left unturned, and no tolerance
shown in the fight against corruption. We have taken firm action to “take out tigers,” “swat flies,” and “
hunt down foxes.” The goal of creating a deterrent against corruption has been initially attained; the cage of
institutions that prevents corruption has been strengthened; and moral defenses against corruption are in the
making. The anti-corruption campaign has built into a crushing tide, and is being consolidated and developed.
over the past five years have been profound and fundamental. For five years, our Party has demonstrated
tremendous political courage and a powerful sense of mission as it has developed new ideas, new thinking, and
new strategies, adopted a raft of major principles and policies, launched a host of major initiatives, and
pushed ahead with many major tasks. We have solved many tough problems that were long on the agenda but never
resolved, and accomplished many things that were wanted but never got done. With this, we have prompted
historic shifts in the cause of the Party and the country. These historic changes will have a powerful and
far-reaching effect on the development of this cause.
address prominent problems within the Party itself. With firm resolve, we have tightened discipline and
improved Party conduct, fought corruption and punished wrongdoing, and removed serious potential dangers in the
Party and the country. As a result, both the intraparty political atmosphere and the political ecosystem of the
Party have improved markedly. The Party’s ability to innovate, power to unite, and energy to fight have all
been significantly strengthened; Party solidarity and unity have been reinforced, and our engagement with the
people has been greatly improved. Revolutionary tempering has made our Party stronger and it now radiates with
great vitality. With this, efforts to develop the cause of the Party and the country have gained a strong
to face. The main ones are as follows. Some acute problems caused by unbalanced and inadequate development
await solutions; and the quality and effect of development are not what they should be. China’s ability to
innovate needs to be stronger, the real economy awaits improvement, and we have a long way to go in protecting
the environment. In work on public wellbeing there are still many areas where we fall short; and poverty
alleviation remains a formidable task. There are still large disparities in development between rural and urban
areas, between regions, and in income distribution; and our people face many difficulties in employment,
education, healthcare, housing, and elderly care. The level of civic-mindedness needs further improvement.
Social tensions and problems are intertwined, much remains to be done in seeing the country’s governance is
based in law, and China’s system and capacity for governance need to be further strengthened. Ideological
struggle is still complicated, and in national security we face new developments. Some reform plans and major
policies and measures need to be better implemented. Many dimensions of Party building remain weak. These are
all problems that demand our full attention to resolve.
and, more importantly, the result of all Party members and all the Chinese people pulling together in their
pursuit. On behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, I express our heartfelt thanks to
the people of all ethnic groups, to all other political parties, to people’s organizations, and patriotic
figures from all sectors of society, to our fellow countrymen and women in the Hong Kong and Macao special
administrative regions and in Taiwan, to overseas Chinese, and to all our friends from around the world who
have shown understanding and support for China’s modernization.
build socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since that time, the Party has united and led all the Chinese
people in a tireless struggle, propelling China into a leading position in terms of economic and technological
strength, defense capabilities, and composite national strength. China’s international standing has risen as
never before. Our Party, our country, our people, our forces, and our nation have changed in ways without
precedent. The Chinese nation, with an entirely new posture, now stands tall and firm in the East.
This is a new historic juncture in China’s development.
modern times began had endured so much for so long, has achieved a tremendous transformation: it has stood up,
grown rich, and is becoming strong; it has come to embrace the brilliant prospects of rejuvenation. It means
that scientific socialism is full of vitality in 21st century China, and that the banner of socialism with
Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see. It means that the path, the theory, the
system, and the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics have kept developing, blazing a new trail for
other developing countries to achieve modernization. It offers a new option for other countries and nations who
want to speed up their development while preserving their independence; and it offers Chinese wisdom and a
Chinese approach to solving the problems facing mankind.
new historical context to strive for the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It will be an era
of securing a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and of moving on to
all-out efforts to build a great modern socialist country. It will be an era for the Chinese people of all
ethnic groups to work together and work hard to create a better life for themselves and ultimately achieve
common prosperity for everyone. It will be an era for all of us, the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation,
to strive with one heart to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. It will be an era that sees
China moving closer to center stage and making greater contributions to mankind.
society has evolved. What we now face is the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and
the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. China has seen the basic needs of over a billion people
met, has basically made it possible for people to live decent lives, and will soon bring the building of a
moderately prosperous society to a successful completion. The needs to be met for the people to live better
lives are increasingly broad. Not only have their material and cultural needs grown; their demands for
democracy, rule of law, fairness and justice, security, and a better environment are increasing. At the same
time, China’s overall productive forces have significantly improved and in many areas our production capacity
leads the world. The more prominent problem is that our development is unbalanced and inadequate. This has
become the main constraining factor in meeting the people’s increasing needs for a better life.
historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the work of the Party and
the country. Building on continued efforts to sustain development, we must devote great energy to addressing
development’s imbalances and inadequacies, and push hard to improve the quality and effect of development.
With this, we will be better placed to meet the ever-growing economic, political, cultural, social, and
ecological needs of our people, and to promote well-rounded human development and all-round social progress.
assessment of the present stage of socialism in China. The basic dimension of the Chinese context—that our
country is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism—has not changed. China’s
international status as the world’s largest developing country has not changed. The whole Party must be
completely clear about this fundamental dimension of our national context, and must base our work on this most
important reality—the primary stage of socialism. We must remain fully committed to the Party’s basic line as
the source that keeps the Party and the country going and that brings happiness to the people. We must lead and
unite the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in fulfilling the central task of economic development. We must
uphold the Four Cardinal Principles, continue to reform and open up, be self-reliant, hardworking, and
enterprising, and strive to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong,
democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful.
China and the history of the development of the Chinese nation, of tremendous importance. In the history of the
development of international socialism and the history of the development of human society, it is of tremendous
importance. Our entire Party should develop unshakeable confidence, work hard and work well to see socialism
with Chinese characteristics display even stronger vitality.
truth of Marxism-Leninism, Chinese progressives saw a solution to China’s problems. With the advent of modern
times, Chinese society became embroiled in intense upheavals; this was a time of fierce struggle as the Chinese
people resisted feudal rule and foreign aggression. It was in the midst of this, in 1921, as Marxism-Leninism
was integrated with the Chinese workers’ movement, that the Communist Party of China was born. From that
moment on, the Chinese people have had in the Party a backbone for their pursuit of national independence and
liberation, of a stronger and more prosperous country, and of their own happiness; and the mindset of the
Chinese people has changed, from passivity to taking the initiative.
contributions to mankind, and became one of the world’s great nations. But with the Opium War of 1840, China
was plunged into the darkness of domestic turmoil and foreign aggression; its people, ravaged by war, saw their
homeland torn apart and lived in poverty and despair. With tenacity and heroism, countless dedicated patriots
fought, pressed ahead against the odds, and tried every possible means to seek the nation’s salvation. But
despite their efforts, they were powerless to change the nature of society in old China and the plight of the
founding, the Communist Party of China made realizing Communism its highest ideal and its ultimate goal, and
shouldered the historic mission of national rejuvenation. In pursuing this goal, the Party has united the
Chinese people and led them through arduous struggles to epic accomplishments.
mountains of imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucrat-capitalism that were oppressing the Chinese people, and
realize China’s independence, the people’s liberation, national reunification, and social stability. Our
Party united the people and led them in embarking on the right revolutionary path, using rural areas to
encircle the cities and seizing state power with military force. We completed the New Democratic Revolution
through 28 years of painful struggle, and founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949, thus marking China’
s great transition from a millennia-old feudal autocracy to a people’s democracy.
social system that fits China’s reality. It united the people and led them in completing socialist revolution,
establishing socialism as China’s basic system, and advancing socialist construction. This completed the
broadest and most profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation. It created the
fundamental political conditions and the institutional
Chinese nation reversed its fate from the continuous decline of modern times to steady progress toward
prosperity and strength.
times, respond to the wishes of the people, and have the courage to reform and open; and this awareness created
a powerful force for advancing the cause of the Party and the people. Our Party united the people and led them
in launching the great new revolution of reform and opening up, in removing all ideological and institutional
barriers to our country and nation’s development, and in embarking on the path of socialism with
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